Also known as Poliomyelitis, a highly infectious disease caused by a virus which invades the nervous system, and can cause total paralysis in a matter of hours. Cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 to 37 reported cases in 2016. As a result of the global effort to eradicate the disease, more than 16 million people have been saved from paralysis. Since 2000, more than 10 billion doses of OPV (Oral polio vaccine) have been administered to nearly 3 billion children worldwide, preventing more than 13 million cases of the disease.

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